225 years ago, the world’s first vaccine was born
Jenner made the experience with several children and submitted a report to the Royal Society of London which rejected it and for several years suffered tenacious opposition, until in 1805 Napoleon Bonaparte ordered to vaccinate his entire troop.
In 1944, the International Health Convention established the International Smallpox Vaccination Certificate, required by the different countries of the world. This certificate was approved at the fourth WHO World Health Assembly in 1951. It should be noted that the antivariolic vaccine in the world was suppressed in the 1980s, as a result of the eradication of the disease.
A Shameful History
In the middle of the last century, the Lomidine (pentamidine), suppose miraculous vaccine or preventive drug that was supposed to immunize millions of people in equatorial Africa by a virus that produces the “sleep sickness”, and that spreads the fly tse-tsetse.
The continent had already gone through several epidemics of this disease. The colonial authorities (Belgium, France, Portugal, Great Britain) never recongnized that part of the epidemic was due to the climatic conditions and poor health of the workers. As a prevention drug produced many serious side effects.
A note on the history of internal medicine: neither in Germany nor by Strumpell
Internal Medicine. Logbook. Francisco Medrano González M.D. (Albacete, Spain)
The author says that the term “internal medicine” began to be in use at the beginning of the 18th century (not at the end of the 19th century) in France, Spain, Italy, Portugal and Germany.
The term Internal Medicine did not begin to be used in the Anglo-Saxon countries at the end of the 19th century, but throughout Europe and especially in the Mediterranean countries, France, Spain, Italy and Portugal, together with Germany, since the beginning of the 18th century.
The term Internal Medicine was not used for the first time in the First Congress of Internal Medicine of Wiesbaden (1882), although it is possible that it was the first congress that was held, as such, on the subject.
Strumpell’s Treatise on Internal Medicine (1874) was not the first.
Many others were previously published throughout the 19th century, including the following:
- De la Medicine Interne appliqué aux maladies chirurgicale, M. Cartier, Lyon, 1807
- Cours de Pathologie Interne, G. Andral, Paris, 1836, traducido al castellano en 1842.
- Tratado completo de Patología Interna, Redactores de la Biblioteca de Medicina y Cirugía, Madrid, 1844.
- Resumen general de patología interna y de terapéutica aplicadas, F.L.I.Valleix, 1845.
- Tratado elemental y practico de patología interna, A. Grisolle, 1846.
- Tratado elemental de patología general y semiología: introducción a la patología interna, A. Hardy y T. Behier, 1846.
- Cours théorique et clinique de pathologie interne et de thérapie médicale, E. Gintrac, 1853.
- Tratado elemental de Medicina Interna, Monneret, 1868.
- Traité de Pathologie Interne, S. Jaccoud, Paris 1869.
- Traité de Pathologie Interne et the Therapeutique, Felix von Niemeyer, Paris, 1869.